● There are hundreds of Covid-19 vaccines under development, in nine broad technology categories.
Several dozen of them are in clinical trials, and an early few are now in use. If you want to understand
more about them, I highly recommend this in-depth
Tweet #138 (last tweet):
Unrolled thread, in several formats:
(or saved as pdf)
He also has some other, related, tweetstorms, here: https://threadreaderapp.com/user/florian_krammer
● The Milken Institute has two similar Covid-19 vaccine tracker web sites:
‣ https://covid-19vaccinetracker.org (This site is just about vaccines.)
‣ https://covid-19tracker.milkeninstitute.org (This site also has information about non-vaccine treatments being developed and/or tested.)
● Here's a very easy to understand educational “Tweetstorm” about the mRNA vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna; sorry about the gratuitous foul language:
Tweet #37 (last tweet):
Unrolled thread, in several formats:
● RNA biologist Rob Swanda has created a series of excellent educational videos about Covid-19 vaccines, on his YouTube channel. Currently, there are eight videos averaging about 2.5 minutes each, in English, plus versions in several other languages. ↑
● The Telegraph reports on efforts to develop a vaccine which will be invulnerable, or less vulnerable, to being rendered ineffective by virus mutations.
● There is, arguably, an ethical problem with some of the Covid-19 vaccines, because some of them were developed using fetal cells, from aborted babies.
National Review has been on top of this issue. Here are two of their articles, reporting that the Moderna and Pfizer vaccines do not use fetal cells
(except that both companies used the nearly fifty-year-old HEK 293 cell line for testing; it is very widely used, worldwide, for testing
developmental drugs, without endangering patients):
But here's an article reporting that AstraZeneca and Johnson & Johnson unfortunately did use fetal cells more extensively during the development of their vaccines, albeit from cell lines which are several decades old. However, contrary to some internet rumors, fetal cells are not used for the production of those vaccines:
‣ Science Magazine had some more details in an article in June, 2020. ↑
● The CDC's Interim Public Health Recommendations for Fully Vaccinated People are imperfect.
1. They recommend that everyone continue to wear masks unless everyone in a gathering has been fully vaccinated. Actually, a gathering in which just ONE person, or
in which people from just ONE household, lack immunity, but everyone ELSE is immune, should also be safe to meet without masks or other special precautions.
UPDATE: Unfortunately, the "delta" variants have rendered this no longer accurate.
2. Someone who has fully recovered from Covid-19 at least one month earlier is probably about as safe from reinfection as is someone who was vaccinated with an mRNA vaccine (though it's not known how long the immunity will last). The CDC recommentations do not mention that fact.
3. The CDC says that you're considered fully vaccinated two weeks after the last jab for the two-dose mRNA vaccines (Moderna & Pfizer), which is about right. But they also say that you are considered fully vaccinated two weeks after the single-dose Johnson & Johnson vaccine, which is wrong.
Two weeks after the second jab,
Pfizer & Moderna vaccinations are believed to be approximately 95% effective at preventing ANY Covid-19 infection (and nearly 100% effective at preventing the most serious
Covid-19 illness). But at only two weeks after the Johnson & Johnson jab, its effectiveness at preventing moderate to severe disease is only around 60%, and its effectiveness
at preventing mild but communicable disease is probably even less. Yet the CDC is pretending that it's as effective as Moderna & Pfizer. That's clearly wrong. The Johnson &
Johnson vaccine has some advantages, but it takes much longer than two weeks for it to reach maximum effectiveness, and even then the protection is not as complete as the
protection from the two-dose mRNA vaccines.
The WhiteBoard Doctor medical education YouTube channel has an amazingly comprehensive collection of high quality educational vidoes about every aspect of the Covid-19 disease, vaccines, and treatments.
The vaccination campaign (with Pfizer & Moderna vaccines) began in the U.S. December 20, 2020. OurWorldInData graphs the progress (and globally). (Bloomberg also has a page.) Compare that graph to the Worldometers graph of Covid-19 case counts, to see the effect. ↑
The JHU COVID-19 Content Portal and COVID-19 Dashboard have global & per-country statistics and distribution maps for cases (188M as of 7/14/2021), deaths (4.0M as of 7/14/2021), and vaccine doses administered (3.49B as of 7/14/2021).
The University of Minnesota's Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP) Covid-19 web site has a wealth of information. ↑
Nextstrain tracks Covid-19 strains on their “genomic epidemiology” web page. Hover your mouse cursor over the graphic for information about the particular mutations which characterize each strain.
Axios has a simple, informative page about the current Covid-19 variants of concern and interest. Nearly all new U.S. Covid-19 infections are now the "delta" b.1.617.2, ay.3 & ay.4 strains. That's a big change because as recently as April, 2021 hardly any of the new cases were any of the Delta variants.
The CDC also has an informative web page about Covid-19 variant classifications and definitions. ↑
has shown us how dysfunctional the American regulatory state can be
by Sally Pipes (archived here) ↑
Some Covid-19 patients remain sick for many months, and nobody knows why. In some cases, Covid-19 damages lungs, heart and/or brain. In others, the disease, itself, lingers. Explanations for long Covid remain elusive. ↑
The Jerusalem Post reports that nearly half of people who have mild or moderate Covid-19 nevertheless still have symptoms six months later. Other studies find that Covid-19 can cause harmful “rogue” immune system responses (autoimmune disorders), as well as lasting lung damage, and damage to both the brain and the heart. ↑
(Unfortunately, they left out a few important high-risk activities out, such as having a plumber or cleaning service in your home, or riding a train, subway or bus.)
The tl;dr version is this: a CDC study estimates that more than half of Covid-19 cases were contracted from someone who was asymptomatic or presymptomatic. That's based on a computer model, but it is consistent with anecdotal evidence.
(That's why people without symptoms need to wear masks, and practice “social distancing,” unless they have some means of being certain that they are not infected... e.g., they've already been vaccinated, at least a month ago, and they have no symptoms.)
She has created a small organization she calls “America's Frontline Doctors.” I analyzed her startling claims, in depth, and found that her talk is full of misinformation and terrible advice.
Here's my critique of her video.
Scammers & crackpots like Simone Gold, Jon Rappoport, Joe Mercola, Sherri Tenpenny, Peter McCullough, Andrew Wakefield, Alex Jones, and Robert Kennedy Jr., have been spreading a wide variety of lies to dissuade people from getting life-saving Covid-19 vaccinations. One of those lies is the claim that the overall 2020 U.S. death rate was down, compared to 2018 and 2019. Actually, the overall death rate was dramatically higher in 2020.
Another lie is the claim that the vaccines are killing large numbers of people. Actually, although there have been a handful of deaths which might have been caused by vaccinations, getting vaccinated is provably at least 1000 times safer than getting the Covid-19 illness. Eventually, you will probably acquire SARS-Cov-2 antibodies, one way or another. The question is whether you'll get them from the disease, which has about a 1% infection fatality rate, and a high rate of lasting, severe side-effects, or from vaccination, which is at least 1000× safer.
Dr. David H. Gorski, MD, PhD, a/k/a “Orac,” has prepared a detailed rebuttal of disinformation from Peter McCullough et al, who falsely claim that Covid-19 vaccination is deadly.
Another of those lies is the claim that “the CDC” says that Covid-19 “survival rates” are extremely high except for those over the age of seventy: 99.997% for those under age 20, and 99.98% for those aged 20-49. In fact, the CDC has never said any such thing, and the numbers are provably nonsense. I found the source of that lie: it was invented by Mr. Steve Stewart, of Tallahassee, FL, who runs “a commercial marketing and printing business.”
Another lie sometimes repeated by scammers & crackpots like Simone Gold et al is that the vaccines only prevent symptomatic illness, not the spread of the disease. That's nonsense: although the vaccine trials mainly tested for prevention of symptomatic illness, we have conclusive proof that they prevent most infections, entirely. ↑
National Review: For pro-life Americans, the scientific facts behind the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines production should guide their decisions, By Isaac Schorr, December 20, 2020.
• Merck has a new antiviral drug in trials called molnupiravir, which they say looks very promising.
• “Inhaled budesonide (Pulmicort), a steroid generally used to treat asthma, dramatically reduced the need for hospitalization in COVID-19 patients within a week of symptom onset, a small randomized trial in the U.K. found.” (apparently confirming an earlier study).
• Detailed information from Prof. Paul Marik, MD, of Eastern Virginia Medical School and the Frontline COVID-19 Critical Care Alliance (FLCCC), on the “MATH+” and “I-MASK+” treatment protocols, incorporating steroids and/or ivermectin, and several other therapeutics. (Note that, despite the similarity of names, the FLCCC is a legitimate, respected organization, nothing at all like Simone Gold's deceptively-named “America's Frontline Doctors” crackpot anti-vaxer group.)
• fluvoxamine might be helpful, too.
• Steve Kirsch's article on other investigational Covid-19 treatments is the most comprehensive I've seen:
This is a very educational article by Dhruv Khullar, in The New Yorker, March 7, 2021
Dr. David Gorski debunks the anti-vaxer lie that vaccines are killing lots of people.