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Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide (CO2) levels, 1800–present

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Graph of atmospheric CO2 levels

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(hover mouse over options for detailed explanations)

To see precise values, hover your mouse cursor over the red graph trace. (However, all values are shown with one more significant digit than is warranted by the precision of the measurements, and the ice core values are less accurate than the Mauna Loa measurements.)

Click here for a downloadable, bookmarkable image (except in Internet Explorer or Microsoft Edge, use PrtScn).

All of the CO2 figures are annual averages.

We also have a similar graph for methane (CH4), and a combined graph with both CO2 and CH4.

Direct measurements of CO2 at Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii began in March, 1958. This is the annual average data graphed here (for 1959–2020): or
For monthly data see: or
1850-1958 data is from (ice cores).
1800-1850 CO2 data is from (Law Dome ice cores, 75 year smoothed).